Celebrating Africa Day 2021

Africa Day 2

African Day (formerly African Freedom and African Liberation Day) is celebrated annually throughout Africa in commemoration of the Organisation of African Unity (OAU) formed 25 May 1963. The OAU (now known as the African Union- September 1999). The OAU was formed in Ethiopia, Addis Ababa to fight off colonialism and apartheid; to promote unity and solidarity among African States; to coordinate and intensify cooperation for development. Regrettably, its main failure was its inability to bring peace, prosperity, security and stability in the continent. It failed to response to tyrannies and dictatorships that was affecting Africa’s development. The African Union was formed to address these challenges and build on the OAU’s success story.

African Liberation Day/Africa Day

Celebrating African Liberation Day has, over the years, helped to raise political awareness in African communities across the world. It has been a platform where information is shared about the struggles of Africa’s liberation and development. Celebrating African Day in modern days has seem more and more Africans shows cases their unique cultural and traditional heritage ranging from clothes, food, arts and music.

Africa Day celebration also give an opportunity to Africans to reflect on the progress of the continent on political, economic, security and social challenges facing the continent. Currently, Africa’s most pertinent challenge is corruption, unemployment, poverty and underdevelopment. The Nelson Mandela Museum advocate for a progressive response to these challenges affecting Africa’s development.

The Nelson Mandela Museum acknowledge the inclusion of South Africa and Nigeria as having some levels of accountability to manage their fiscal response to COVID-19. Africa can take pride in the inclusion of two developing countries in the continent receiving an encouraging report on fiscal accountability.

Five Facts About Africa

a) Africa is the second largest continent on earth with a total area of around 30.37 million square kilometres- is divided up to five sub-sections: North Africa, East Africa, Central Africa, Southern Africa and West Africa.

b) Between 1500 to 2000 languages are spoken in Africa in 54 countries that makes the continent. Algeria is the largest country by geographical area where as Cairo is the largest city- capital of Egypt.

c) Africa is the source of the world’s longest river- the Nile River long passes through 11 countries: Tanzania, Uganda, Rwanda, Burundi, the Democratic Republic of Congo, Kenya, Ethiopia, Eritrea, South Sudan, Sudan and Egypt.

d) Africa is home to the world’s oldest University: The University of Karueein (Athens’s of Africa) is the oldest existing, and continually operating educational institution in the world. It was founded in 859 AD by Fatima al-Fihri in Fez, Morocco.

e) The richest man ever is African- Mansa Musa (Musa I) of Mali is considered one of the richest men in history. He died in 1937 with an estimated worth of US$300 billion.

African Modern Problem

The NMM is concerned that today, Africa remains the poorest and least developed continent in the world. Hunger, poverty, terrorism, local ethnic and religious conflicts, corruption and bribery, disease outbreak including COVID-19.

In 2020 Africa’s major challenges include Terrorism; South Sudan peace talks; Conflicts in Libya, DRC and CAR; and Ebola and the global pandemic of COVID-19. Natural disaster like floods, poaching of rhinos and other wild animals constitute some of the major challenges of Africa’s modern challenges.

Reflecting on the causes of poverty in Africa, the Nelson Mandela Museum is also of the believe the corruption, and poor governance, poor land utilisation and land tenure system, civil wars and unending political conflicts, poor infrastructure, diseases and poor health facilities are among the major contributors to poverty in the continent.

What Makes Africa Famous

Africa is known for Mount Kilimajaro, Victoria Falls, Nile river, and game reserves such as the Maasai Mara and Serengeti. Africa is also famous for its diverse ethnic groups, Egyptian Pyramids, the Sahara Desert, Mining, and for being second driest and poorest continent in the world. Nelson Mandela, is one of the most famous political figure from Africa. Africa is famous for being the origin of the human race.

10 Best Foodie Destination in Africa

African is an absolute foodie heaven and the following countries are the major foodie destination for food lovers:

a) Kenya

b) Ghana

c) Angola

d) Mozambique

e) Zambia

f) Egypt

g) Nigeria

h) Ethiopia

i) Zanzibar

j) South Africa

The Nelson Mandela Museum wishes a Happy Africa Day to All Africans and Patriots of Africa.